Annual investments of around $ 35 billion could provide access to electricity to 759 million people who currently lack it, and $ 25 billion a year can help 2.6 billion people access clean kitchens by 2030.
The investment required is only a small fraction of the multibillion-dollar global energy investment needed overall, but would bring enormous benefits to one-third of the world’s population.
The recommendations on energy access are part of a proposed global roadmap with concrete actions to achieve clean and affordable energy for all by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050, launched by the United Nations on Friday, to lay the foundations for a large-scale mobilization. commitments this year.
National and municipal governments, foundations and companies are expected to start announcing major commitments in the form of ‘energy contracts’ at ministerial forums to be held June 21-25, leading to action towards a high-level dialogue on energy, a summit to be convened by the UN in September.
The main commitments and partnerships of the Energy Pact for access to clean electricity and cooking solutions are among those expected to be announced at the June forums, which are co-hosted by thirty global champion countries.
“The ambitious energy pacts proposed by countries, companies, cities and many other partners are a spark of hope to achieve a just transition to sustainable energy and thereby improve the lives of millions of people,” said the Minister. secretary of the Dialogue. General Liu Zhenmin, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs.
“But this is only the start and we need a lot more commitment and concrete action at this year’s High Level Dialogue on Energy to get to where we need to be by 2030.”
The proposed roadmap, which will inform the High-Level Dialogue on Energy in September and be reflected in the political declaration resulting from the summit, is based on reports submitted by five technical working groups that brought together more than 160 experts since March, co-directed by 16 United Nations and international organizations, grouped by theme.
The five areas of intervention are: access to energy; energetic transition ; enable the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through fair and inclusive energy transitions; innovation, technology and data; and finance and investment.
To achieve the goals of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement, the energy transition must become an effort of transformation, an overhaul of the system, suggests the proposed roadmap.
Reports recommend rapid scaling of available solutions to reach 8,000 GW of renewable energy by 2030, up from 2,800 GW currently, and to increase the average annual rate of energy efficiency improvement by 0 , 8 to 3%.
By 2025, 100 countries are expected to set targets for 100% renewable energy, and there should be no new coal-fired power plants in the works in the world. The share of fossil fuels in the global mix would rise from 60% currently to 30% by 2030.
The proposed roadmap also calls on countries to phase out coal by 2030 in wealthier countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and by 2040 in non-member countries, recognizing that many developing countries will need support. for this process.
By 2050, 92% of electricity would come from renewable technologies.
“The energy revolution is underway, but 759 million people still live without electricity and without the opportunities it offers,” said Achim Steiner, administrator of the United Nations Development Program and co-chair of the High-level Dialogue.
“This is one of the most glaring examples of inequality in our world today. Access to clean and affordable energy for all is the foundation for a rapid and fair global energy transition.”
“In the next ministerial forums, we will see bold commitments presented in the form of energy pacts as well as significant financial commitments from partner institutions, and we need more, to ensure that we leave no one behind. and that we transition in a fair and inclusive environment. way to achieve net zero by 2050, ”said Co-Chair Damilola Ogunbiyi, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Sustainable Energy for All.
“This is our lifelong opportunity to provide universal access to energy by leveraging new partnerships and technologies, and funding innovations that can create a cleaner, brighter and more equitable economic future. “
Reports indicate that a just and inclusive energy transition can create 30 million new sustainable energy jobs by 2030 and 42 million by 2050. They call for ensuring gender equality in all aspects of the economy. energy transition, including more women occupying positions of engineers, decision-makers and entrepreneurs.